Muslims and Christians coexisted in Teruel between the XIII and XIV century.
This time was full of tolerance, therefore “Mudejar art” was an example to us, because different cultures lived in harmony.
Moorish and Christians lived together, and “Mudejar” is a term which comes from the Arabic “mudayyan”, and it means “someone who has been allowed to stay”.
It is the name given to the Muslims who stayed in Spain after their homelands had been conquered during the Christian Reconquest but who were allowed to retain their laws, religion and customs.
Due to their skills and special qualifications, the Mudejars were in charge of constructing and decorating the most important buildings in the town of Teruel during the middle Ages.
Arabic craftsmen used available and inexpensive materials such as bricks, plaster, polychrome woods and glazed ceramic tiles in green, white and purple colours. But they had the skills and the experience, so, they could create amazing and beautiful architecture with them.
It can be said that Mudejar art has its own style, thanks, to its decorative richness of the beautiful materials used to adorn walls and ceilings.
Teruel’s Mudejar monuments are: the towers of San Pedro, the cathedral with the painted ceiling, San Salvador and San Martin.
Above all, Teruel surprises us with its monuments. Its Mudéjar buildings were declared World Heritage by the UNESCO in 1986.